Let’s Reform America’s Clean Energy
We need to speed up the pace at which we build and connect new clean energy projects ⚡️
The Benefits of Clean Energy Permitting Reform
✅ Necessary to meet America’s climate goals
Permitting reform is critical if we’re going to make the clean energy transition happen fast enough to meet our climate targets. If we don’t start building clean energy infrastructure faster, we will only achieve about 20% of the potential carbon pollution reduction from climate policy that is already in place (specifically, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022).
✅ Removes a backlog of clean energy projects
Most of the new infrastructure proposed in the U.S. is now for clean energy, so making permitting easier will largely benefit clean energy projects. Reports from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory find that in 2021, 85% of new energy capacity was clean energy. More than 92% of new energy projects currently awaiting permits are solar and wind, and just 7.5% are natural gas.
✅ Creates jobs in rural areas
New clean energy projects rely on building new long distance transmission lines, a process which currently takes 10 years on average. Wind and solar farms will be built in rural areas that have abundant sun and wind. These projects will bring economic benefits and jobs to those rural areas.
✅ Improves air quality in disadvantaged communities
In frontline communities, lives are already being lost due to pollution from fossil fuels. Climate policy already in place (specifically, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022) could prevent up to 180,000 premature American deaths over the next decade by reducing air pollution. Permitting reform will allow us to fully realize the potential emissions cuts from that policy. That means preventing thousands more premature deaths, mostly in disadvantaged communities near sources of pollution.
Clean Energy Permitting Reform 101: What is permitting reform?
Just like you need a building permit to expand your home, big energy projects must get written approval from local, state, and/or federal authorities to start construction. Permitting is important, but it adds hefty time and expense to projects of all kinds. Permitting reform is critical if we’re going to make the clean energy transition happen fast enough to meet our climate targets.
There are two key parts to successful energy permitting reform:
1. Siting/building clean energy projects
Right now, it takes an average of 4.5 years for federal agencies just to complete environmental impact statements for major energy projects. These are important assessments, but we need them to move faster and speed up the pace with which we build new clean energy projects.
2. Transmitting that clean energy across the country
In the past decade, the U.S. has expanded our electricity transmission infrastructure at a pace of just 1% per year. We’ve got to speed up the pace with which we build and connect new transmission lines. Ultimately, we need to triple our current capacity to transmit clean electricity by 2050.
Energy Permitting Reform FAQ
What are the ethics of permitting reform?
Permitting reform will make it easier to build clean energy infrastructure, and get that clean energy to American households and businesses. Local communities must be able to have input into projects that will directly impact them.
Will permitting reform increase fossil fuel production?
Most of the new infrastructure proposed in the U.S. is now for clean energy. Reports from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory find that in 2021, just 7.5% are natural gas. So while a few new fossil fuel projects will be expedited, the vast majority of energy development projects will be much-needed investments in clean energy.
What was the Manchin permitting reform bill?
In 2022, West Virginia Senator Joe Manchin introduced a bill that would speed up permitting reform in the United States. The Senate failed to add the bill as an amendment to the National Defense Authorization bill. 47 Senators voted to support the amendment, including 6 Republicans, falling short of the required 60 votes. Senator Manchin’s bill would also have sped up the completion of the Mountain Valley Pipeline, a fossil fuel project in West Virginia, which added controversy to it. Senator Manchin has vowed to continue to work towards permitting reform legislation in 2023.
How will permitting reform impact frontline communities?
Permitting reform should be done in a way that minimizes the negative health impacts from air pollution and other pollution in frontline communities, where lives are already being lost due to pollution from fossil fuels. Moving to clean energy will provide major health benefits for communities impacted by air pollution today.
How will permitting reform affect my community?
If an energy development project is proposed in your community, you should know about it and be given the opportunity to respond in a streamlined process. Permitting reform should be done in a way that empowers communities to weigh in on what projects happen in their area.
What kind of permitting reform policies does CCL support?
We support permitting reform policies that:
- Add to America’s capacity to transmit clean electricity
- Speed up the approval of clean energy projects that are waiting to be built
- Allow communities to make their voices heard on the environmental and other impacts of proposed energy projects.
CCL also recognizes the political realities of our democratic system, which forces compromise among lawmakers who have a range of priorities. As we begin to work on this issue, we will evaluate any permitting reform proposals in the context of our principles outlined here.