Australia should move into ‘climate rescue’ mode
By Rod Mitchell, National Chair, Citizens’ Climate Lobby Australia
Tragically, we now have a disaster serious enough to wake up almost all of us to the catastrophe that is unfolding in large parts of Australia and advertising itself to the rest of the world. The government now has the opportunity to break with the narrow sectional interests that have been constraining its climate policies and begin to lead in the national interest. It can now move to “climate rescue” mode.
Hopefully they will be meeting in some sort of war-cabinet very soon to consider how best to respond to the current disaster and how best to definitively shift to a zero-carbon economy. Australia needs to know that our government is responding appropriately to both the immediate emergency and to the climate and ecological crisis that is escalating before our eyes. Both are vitally important, the second one more so because it will affect us for generations to come.
There are a range of policy options available to them. Hopefully they will take the courageous step of seriously considering the long-excluded and oft-demonized option that happens to be one of the best—putting a price on carbon. A well-designed carbon price can drive an economy-wide decarbonization process that will be much smoother than disruptions forced on us by escalating natural disasters.
Business, industry, scientists, economists, and citizens are asking for a price signal to guide their daily decisions toward zero carbon. Individual citizens and businesses are reducing their emissions, but these amount to drops in the ocean when compared to a collective effort supported by a legislated price signal that levels the playing field.
Fossil fuel industries are planning to continue exploration and expand production over the next decade. They can’t individually choose otherwise and give market share to their competitors. They need a government-imposed “glide path” to enable them to phase out production over a decade and transition to the zero-carbon industries that we desperately need.
They also need the true costs of fossil fuels to be revealed and implicit subsidies removed so that the advantages of zero-carbon alternatives become even clearer. The IMF estimates that Australian fossil fuels are subsidized by US$29 billion a year. And they estimate that “efficient pricing” from 2015 to 2019 would have reduced global emissions by 28%, almost halved air pollution deaths and increased government revenue by 3.8% of GDP.
An efficient carbon price ends these subsidies, slashes emissions and enables the industries of the future to flourish. But we are faced with an industry that naturally does not want to give up its advantage and the legacy of decades of effective lobbying and politicking to keep carbon pricing off the table. Today’s bushfires require that it goes back onto the table and that courageous leadership is taken to keep it there.
Citizens’ Climate Lobby has a ready-made policy option ready for consideration and hopefully, timely adoption. Carbon fee and dividend puts a steadily increasing fee on the carbon content of fossil fuels (at the point where they enter the economy) and immediately returns the revenue to Australian households. This gives citizens, business, and finance clear opportunities to invest in low-carbon alternatives and smooths the transition to a decarbonized economy. It takes the burden off individual citizens and businesses and shares it across the community and the economy.
The dividend makes it acceptable to citizens and makes it harder to scare them into thinking they will be penalized. The reality is we will all be penalized by not taking this step. U.S. modeling predicts the dividend also boosts the economy, creates new jobs and saves lives. And it ensures new growth will be mostly in sustainable, low-carbon activities. It should be an easy choice for a pro-business, market-oriented government.
Richard Holden and Rosalind Dixon at UNSW have modeled a carbon fee and dividend policy in the Australian economy and presented it as the Australian Climate Dividend Plan. A very recent community survey indicates that 65% would support such an impost on companies that produce carbon specifically to encourage a reduction in emissions. That support rises to over 73% if it is explained the tax is redistributed to taxpayers and is designed to lower emissions and encourage investment into technology to achieve this.
Carbon fee and dividend gives the government a voter-friendly policy option that enables it to rescue the climate and in doing so, rescue its severely tarnished credentials as protector of its citizens. It would also enable Australia to reclaim its reputation as a nation willing to punch above its weight on big issues and join a friendly but determined race to zero carbon.